An injunction is a court order that is typically obtained on an urgent basis requiring an individual or entity to do something, or to refrain from doing something. Injunctions are legal tools employed to safeguard the rights of those involved in family law disputes. Injunctions are sought when immediate and preventive steps are required to uphold the status quo or to prevent harm to either partner and/or their children. The following are some common situations where injunctions may be sought in the family law context:

Freezing orders

A freezing order may be obtained by one spouse to prevent the other from dissipating or disposing of assets. This ensures that the financial status quo is maintained during legal proceedings or until the family law dispute is resolved.

Certificate of Pending Litigation (CPL)

A certificate of pending litigation is a document that may be registered on title to a property and indicates to the public (including potential buyers, transferees and mortgagees) that there are ongoing legal proceedings regarding that property. In the context of family law, a CPL is often used by one spouse in the midst of a dispute over property division and to protect his or her interest in the property. CPLs are an important tool to safeguard a spouse’s interest in a matrimonial home, particularly when the spouse seeking the CPL is not a registered owner of the home.


A caution is a document that is very similar to a CPL with the main differences being that it can be registered before legal proceedings are commenced and that it can only temporarily stay on title to the property. A caution may be deleted by the land registrar 60 days after it is registered, which only makes it a temporary solution. Ultimately, a CPL is required to safeguard one’s interest in a property on a more long-term basis. Contact Kamalie Law for a free consultation.

Frequently asked questions

A breach of contract happens when one party under the contract fails to fulfill their obligations – either partially, or fully. This means that someone (a person or a corporation) either did something that they were not supposed to do or did not do something that they were supposed to do. Their conduct has shown that they are not honouring the contract. 

While this is a broad definition, there are multiple types of breach of contract and multiple ways that a breach of contract can be resolved. While we may naturally think of one party simply failing to pay or someone failing to deliver goods or services, there are multiple different parts of a contract that can be breached, and the remedies may be different in different situations. 

There are two main remedies that litigants seek and are awarded in a breach of contract lawsuit.

An award of damages is one of the most well-known remedies. The innocent party may seek all out-of-pocket expenses and unquantified damages (i.e., loss of business, reputational losses, etc.) that it has suffered as a result of the defaulting party. However, the question of what damages may be claimed and awarded is not always met with a simple answer. Although most damages suffered can be claimed, courts will often exclude damage that it considers to be ‘remote’, or which was not a ‘reasonably foreseeable’ consequence of the breach of contract. 

Another remedy is called specific performance, which is a court declaration requiring a contracting party to fulfill its contractual obligations. This remedy is typically only granted when courts determine that damages are an inadequate remedy. It must be noted, however, that a declaration for specific performance does not actually force a party to fulfill their contractual obligations. In other words, although a court may award specific performance, the defaulting party may choose to ignore the order and to continue acting in breach of contract. In such situations, the innocent party may proceed to seek damages and may seek an order that the defaulting party is in contempt of court.

At Kamalie Law, our lawyers have extensive experience in litigating and resolving contract disputes. We have represented both the innocent party that wishes to commence a claim as well as the party who is alleged to be in breach of contract and is forced to defend a claim. In each scenario, our primary objective is to determine our client’s objectives and to formulate a strategy that will achieve that objective in the least time possible. 


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